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PCOS increasing among teenage girls
Among the leading causes of female subfertility, it's a common endocrine problem in women.
Anovulation results in irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, and ovulation-related infertility. Hormone imbalance generally causes acne and hirsutism (excessive hair growth). Insulin resistance, another side-effect of PCOS, is associated with obesity, Type 2 diabetes and high cholesterol levels. Its symptoms and severity vary greatly.
Obesity is one of the main reasons why PCOS is on the rise. Most youngsters eat processed and junk food, which leads to quick weight gain. Strenuous academic schedules and extracurricular activities, and lack of exercise contribute significantly to an increased predisposition for PCOS.
Medication is crucial
While lifestyle changes are important, medication also plays a big role in treating PCOS. However, drugs are to be taken only in consultation with your doctor.
Treatment depends on the patient's symptoms. But it generally aims at:
- Lowering insulin resistance levels
- Restoring fertility
- Treatment of hirsutism or acne
- Restoration of regular menstruation and prevention of endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer.